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Table: Pressure/Source, Impacts and Responses to Air Pollution
2018-11-01

Pressure

/Source

State

Impacts

Policy

Response

Major Source

1. Urbani-

zation

Increase in vehicle

emission

Urban air quality deterioration

ECA, 1995

and ECR, 1997

2 Industrial

pollution

Emission of

SO2 , NOx,

Pax, Gases

and Vapours

Air Quality deterioration

*Harmful for human health.

*Plant quality

and  growth affected.

*Corroded building materials.

*Ecosystem disturbed.

ECA, 1995 and ECR, 1997

More stringent enforcement

of ECA and ECR enabled through capacity building of DoE.

3. Emission

from

vehicles

PM, CO,

NOx, SO2,

VOC

*Human health hazard.

*Plant quality and

growth affected.

*Corroded building materials.

*Ecosystem disturbed.

ECA, 1995

and

ECR, 1997

 

Minor Source

4. Brick

fields

and Kilns

PM, CO,

NOx, SO2,

Health hazard

The brick burning (control)

Act,1989 & The brick

burning (control) Amendment

Act,1992,

ECA, 1995 and ECR, 1997

5. Building construction

PM

Health hazard

ECA, 1995 and ECR, 1997

 

6. Open dumping of wastes for disposal

Gases,

Vapour, Odor.

Air Quality

deterioration

 

ECA, 1995 and ECR, 1997

 

7.Wood /biomass      /coal consumption

PM, VOC,

SOx,

Health hazard

 

8. Fuel

Quality

VOC +

others

Health hazard

 

 Legend: ECA=Bangladesh Environment Conservation Act, ECR= Bangladesh Environment Conservation Rules, NOx = Oxides of Nitrogen, SOx = Oxides of Sulphur, PM= Particulate matter.